Types of Mental Health Disorders
Everyone feels fearful or nervous sometimes, but when those feelings regularly get in the way of daily life, it might be an anxiety disorder. … These can make you feel physically tense or ill, become exhausted by constant anxiety, or begin avoidance behaviors to prevent these feelings. Treating anxiety involves talk therapy that focuses on coping strategies, and you may be prescribed anti-anxiety medication.
Depression is characterized by an overarching feeling of dread or emptiness that makes it difficult to accomplish anything, or want to. … Depression often saps motivation and energy, and can lead to a hopeless outlook on life. Treatment for depression often includes counseling and therapy that promotes positive thinking, and in some cases, anti-depressant medications are prescribed.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and its subtype ADD, are diagnoses given to people with great difficulty regulating their focus, as they … can become easily distracted or hyper-fixated on certain things. They might also fidget or act impatient when forced to wait on something. ADHD treatment helps you learn how to control your focus and organize your thoughts, often with the aid of prescribed medication.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs when painful flashbacks or memories of a traumatic event become unmanageable, … and disrupt someone’s ability to get through their day. The confusion, panic, and stress it causes can lead to anguish, insomnia, and hopelessness. PTSD treatment gives people techniques to explore and move through their memories, and manage their reactions to flashbacks.
Mood disorders are conditions in which someone’s intense emotional reactions do not appropriately reflect the situation at hand. This can mean inconsolable sadness, … such as depression, or excessive energy and impulsivity, as with mania. Mood disorder treatment depends on the specific disorder, but nearly all require talk therapy and possibly medication to regulate someone’s intense moods.
Bipolar disorder is one of the most common mood disorders we treat. It describes a consistent, extreme swinging between depression and mania, that makes … it hard to predict how an individual will react or behave. Bipolar disorder also leads to a rise in worrying, as well as risky behavior. Treatment for bipolar disorder is managed primarily through professional counseling and mood-stabilizing medications.
People diagnosed with the mood disorders mania and hypomania are often full of excitement and energy that seem out of the ordinary, and often … act recklessly or impulsively. They’ll also be more easily distractable, speak without a filter, or get less sleep. Mania and hypomania mental health disorders are often treated through a combination of mood-stabilizing medication and professional counseling.
Someone with a personality disorder has deeply rooted patterns of behavior that are generally unhealthy for them and make their life more difficult. … These include schizoid, antisocial, narcissistic, and borderline personality disorders, and can influence every part of an individual’s decision-making process. They require professional help, often individualized and case-specific treatment plans, to work through.
Schizophrenia has several noticeable features, including disorganized thinking and poor motor function, but the best-known symptoms are delusions and hallucinations … This mental health disorder requires ongoing, specialized care and treatment because symptoms can come and go in waves. The majority of schizophrenia cases are managed with counseling, antipsychotic medication, and hospitalization as necessary.
An eating disorder is what develops when someone has an unhealthy relationship with food, and is often linked to poor self-image or feelings of … lack of control. Eating disorders cause noticeable weight gain or loss, and can damage internal organs when left untreated. Treatment depends on which eating disorder someone has, but counseling, supplementation, and nutritional guidance will play a major role in recovery.
People are diagnosed with insomnia when they have unhealthy sleep patterns, such as difficulty falling asleep in the first place or never reaching the … restful REM phase of sleep. They’ll often look and feel exhausted, and consequently have difficulty getting through their day. Diagnosis and treatment often starts with a sleep study, where a professional can assess their sleep to find the root of the insomnia.
A phobia is a specific fear of a thing or situation that puts a person into a heightened state of tension or anxiety. They’ll … often feel physically sick, begin sweating, have a panic attack, or even become totally frozen in fear. Treatments for phobias will vary case-to-case, but typically include guided exposure therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and/or medication meant to manage their anxiety reactions.